EMS
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DIFFERENT LEVELS OF CERTIFICATION 

Emergency Medical Responder (EMR)

  • Usually the first EMS provider on scene whose role is to stabilize the patient until more advanced EMS personnel arrive.
  • Trained to perform:
    • General patient assessment
    • Bleeding control
    • Spinal immobilization
    • Oxygen administration
    • The use of the automated external defibrillator (AED)
    • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
  • Must be at least 16 years of age
  • Course is approximately 60 hours
  • Course includes both classroom and practical lab portions
  • Upon successful completion of the course and successfully passing the state written and practical examination, certification is valid for 3 years.

Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)

  • Trained to perform:
    • General patient assessment
    • Bleeding control
    • Spinal immobilization
    • Oxygen administration
    • The use of the automated external defibrillator (AED)
    • Complex immobilization procedures
    • Airway management
    • Assisting patients in the administration of certain medications
    • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) 
  • Must be at least 16 years of age
  • Course is approximately 160 hours
  • Course includes both classroom and practical lab portions
  • Upon successful completion of the course and successfully passing the state written and practical examination, certification is valid for 3 years.

Paramedic

  • Trained to perform:
    • All EMT skills
    • Advanced patient assessment
    • Airway management
    • Intravenous (IV) fluid therapy
    • Trauma management
    • Pharmacology
    • Cardiology
    • Other advanced medical skills 
  • Must be at least 18 years of age
  • Course varies from 14 months to 2 years (certification vs. degree)
  • Course includes both classroom lecture, practical labs, in-hospital clinical experiences and a field internship
  • Pre-requisites:
    • Must possess a current EMT certification
    • Must possess a current CPR certification

Pre-Hospital Registered Nurse (PHRN)

Health Professional (HP) MD/DO

EMS

This project is funded, in part, under a contract with the Pennsylvania Department of Health. Basic data for use in this study were supplied by the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

If you need additional info or resources, please contact PEHSC at (800) 243-2EMS or by sending an email here